Stanford University Stanford Computer Science Department
Abstract    |    Introduction    |    Contacts    |   
   REFERENCES

History
   What is PD?
   Political Push
   Innovation
   Professionals
   The Developer

Philosophical Perspective
   Workers
   Design Philosophy

Competing
Strategies

   Expert Systems Design
   Usability Engeering
   Value Senstive Design


Books and Other References

  • Aarhus (1975): The Aarhus conference January 1975. Forms of working in system development (Aarhus-konferencen januar 1975. Arbejdsformer i systemudvikling) DAIMI PB-46, University of Aarhus

  • ACM (1993a): Communications of the ACM: Special Issue on Participatory Design vol 36 no 4 (6) June 1993

  • ACM (1993b): ACM Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct, Communications of the ACM vol 36, no 2 Feb. 1993, pp. 98-105

  • AML (1977): The Worker Protection and Working Environment Act (Lov om arbeidervern og arbeidsmilj¿: Arbeidsmilj¿loven) Oslo, February 4. 1977

  • Andersen, N.E., Kensing, F., Lassen, M., Lundin, J., Mathiassen, L., Munk-Madsen, A., and S¿rgaard, P. (1986): Professional System Development (Professionel Systemudvikling), Teknisk Forlag, Copenhagen

  • Bangemann, M. et al (1994): Europe and the global information society, Recommendations to the European Council, Brussels

  • Bansler, J. (1989): Systems Development Research in Scandinavia: Three theoretical schools, Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems vol 1, Aug. 1989, pp. 3-20

  • Bansler, J. and Kraft, P. (1994): Privilege and Invisibility in the New York Order: A reply to Kyng, in Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems vol 6 no 1, April 1994, pp. 97-106

  • Bishop, L. (1994): "Engaged Effort" and Local Area Networks, in Clement, A., Kolm, P., and Wagner, I. (eds): NetWORKing: Conneting Workers In and Between Organizations IFIP Transactions A-38, North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 35-44

  • Bjerknes, G. (1992): Dialectical Reflection in Information Systems Development, in Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems vol 4, August 1992, pp. 55-78

  • Bjerknes, G. and Bratteteig, T. (1984): The Application Perspective-An Other Way of Conceiving Edp-based Systems and Systems Development, in SŠŠksjŠrvi, M. (ed): Report of the Seventh Scandinavian Research Seminar on Systemeering Helsinki School of Economics, Studies B-75, Helsinki, pp. 204-225

  • Bjerknes, G. and Bratteteig, T. (1987a): Implementing an idea-cooperation and construction in the Florence Project ( implementere en idŽ-samarbeid og konstruksjon i Florence-prosjektet) Florence Report no 3, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Bjerknes, G. and Bratteteig, T. (1987b): Perspectives on description tools and techniques in system development, Docherty et al, (eds): System Design for Human Development and Productivity: Participation and Beyond North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 319-330

  • Bjerknes, G. and Bratteteig, T. (1987c): Florence in Wonderland, in Bjerknes, G., Ehn, P., and Kyng, M. (eds): Computers and Democracy-a Scandinavian Challenge Avebury, Aldershot, pp. 279-295

  • Bjerknes, G. and Bratteteig, T. (1988a): The memoirs of two survivors-or evaluation of a computer system for cooperative work, Proceedings for The Second Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work ACM, 26-28 Sept. 1988, Portland, Oregon, pp. 167-177

  • Bjerknes, G. and Bratteteig, T. (1988b): Computers-Utensils or Epaulets? The Application Perspective Revisited AI and Society vol 2 no 3, pp. 258-266

  • Bjerknes, G., Bratteteig, T., Braa, K., Kautz, K, Kaasb¿ll, J., and ¯grim, L. (1991): Project FIRE: Functional Integration through REdesign FIRE Report no 1, Research Report no 154, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Bjerknes, G., Bratteteig, T., and Espeseth, T. (1991): Evolution of finished systems: The dilemma of enhancement, Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems vol 3, Aug. 1991, pp. 25-45

  • Bjerknes, G., Bratteteig, T., Kaasb¿ll, J., Sannes I., and Sinding-Larsen, H. (1985): Mutual Learning (Gjensidig l¾ring) Florence Report no 1, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Bjerknes, G., Ehn, P., and Kyng, M. (eds) (1987): Computers and Democracy-a Scandinavian Challenge Avebury, Aldershot

  • Bj¿rn-Andersen, N. and Hedberg, B. (1977): Designing Information Systems in an Organizational Perspective, Studies in the Management Sciences Prescriptive Models of Organizations vol 5, 1977, pp. 125-142

  • Bos, T., de Rue, E., and Sips, C. (1994): Network Technology and Organizational Control: A Case Study of Decision Making and Industrial Relations in a Privatized Public Enterprise, in Clement, A., Kolm, P., and Wagner, I. (eds): NetWORKing: Connecting Workers In and Between Organizations IFIP Transactions A-38, North-Holland, Amsterdam

  • Bostrom, R. and Heinen, S. (1977a): MIS Problems and Failures: A Socio-Technical Perspective, Part I: The Causes MIS Quarterly September 1977, pp. 17-31

  • Bostrom, R. and Heinen, S. (1977b): MIS Problems and Failures: A Socio-Technical Perspective, Part II: The Application of Socio-Technical Theory, MIS Quarterly December 1977, pp. 11-20

  • Braa, K. (1994): Priority Workshops as a Springboard for Participatory Design in Redesign Activities, in Kerola, P. et al. (eds): Precedings of the 17th Information systems Research seminar In Scandinavia, University of Oulu, pp. 875-889

  • Braa, K., Bratteteig, T., Kaasb¿ll, J., and ¯grim L. (1992a): ENtry to the FIRE project FIRE Report no 2, Research Report no 168, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Braa, K., Bratteteig, T., Kaasb¿ll, J., M¿rch, A., Sm¿rdal, O., and ¯grim, L. (1992b): Final Report from the Pilot Project FIRE Report no 9, Research Report no 177, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Braa, K., Bratteteig, T., and ¯grim, L. (1994): Organising the redesign process in system development, Proceedings of the International Conference on Information Systems Development, Slovenia, September 1994

  • Braverman, H. (1974): Labor and Monopoly Capital, Monthly Review Press, New York

  • Briefs, U., Ciborra, C., and Schneider, L. (eds) (1983): Systems Design For, With, and By the Users North-Holland, Amsterdam

  • B¿dker, S. (1994): Creating conditions for participation: Conflicts and resources in systems design, in Trigg, R. et al (eds): Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference PDC'94, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27-28 Oct. 1994, CPSR and ACM

  • B¿dker, S., Ehn, P., Kammersgaard, J., Kyng, M., and Sundblad, Y. (1987): A UTOPIAN Experience: On Design of Powerful Computer-Based Tools for Skilled Graphical Workers, in Bjerknes et al, (1987), pp. 251-278

  • B¿dker, S. and Gr¿nb¾k, K. (1991): Design in Action: From Prototyping by Demonstration to Cooperative Prototyping, in Greenbaum and Kyng (1991), pp. 197-218

  • B¿dker, S. , Christiansen, E., Ehn, P., Markussen, R., Mogensen, P., and Trigg, R. (1993): The AT-Project: practical research in cooperative design, DAIMI PB 454, Aarhus University

  • Clark, T. (1992): Corporate Systems Management: An Overview and Research Perspective, Communications of the ACM vol 35 no 2, pp. 61-75

  • Clement, A. and P. Van den Besselar (1993): A Retrospective Look at PD Projects, Communications of the ACM vol 36 no 4

  • Cockburn, C. (1983): Brothers. Male Dominance and Technological Change Pluto Press, London

  • Dahlbom, B. and Mathiassen, L. (1994): A Scandinavian View on the ACM's Code of Ethics, ACM Computers and Society vol 24 no 2, (June 1994), pp. 14-20

  • DEMOS Project Group (1979): The Demos Project: A Presentation, in Sandberg (1979), pp. 108-121

  • Dilschmann, A. and Ehn, P. (1984): The borderland (GrŠnslandet) Utopia Report no 11, Swedish Center for Working Life, Stockholm

  • DUE Project Group (1978): Democracy, Development, and EDP (Demokrati, Udvikling og Edb) DUE Report no. 2, DAIMI, University of Aarhus

  • DUE Project Group (1979): Project DUE: Democracy, Development, and EDP, in Sandberg (1979), pp. 122-130

  • Ehn, P. (1989): Work-Oriented Design of Computer Artifacts Lawrence Erlbaum Ass., Hillsdale, New Jersey

  • Ehn, P. and Kyng, M. (1984): A Tool perspective on Design of Interactive Computer Support for Skilled Workers, in SŠŠksjŠrvi (ed): Report of the Seventh Scandinavian Research Seminar on Systemeering Helsinki School of Economics, Studies B-74, Helsinki, pp. 211-242

  • Ehn, P. and Kyng, M. (1987): The collective resource approach to system design, in Bjerknes et al, (1987), pp. 17-57

  • Ehn, P. and Sandberg, . (1979): Management Control and Wage Earners' Power (Fšretagsstyrning och Lšntagarmakt) Prisma, Falkšping

  • Emery, M. (ed) (1993): Participative Design for Participative Democracy, Centre for Continuing Education, Australian National University

  • Fortune (1994): Your Company's Most Valuable Asset: Intellectual Capital, cover story by T.A. Stewart, Fortune, Oct. 3, 1994, pp. 28-33

  • Greenbaum, J. (1993): A Design of One' Own: Towards Participatory Design in the United States, in Schuler and Namioka (1993), pp. 27-37

  • Greenbaum, J. and Kyng, M. (eds.) (1991): Design at Work: Cooperative Design of Computer Systems Lawrence Erlbaum Ass., Hillsdale, New Jersey

  • Gr¿nb¾k, K. (1991): Prototyping and Active User Involvement in System Development: Towards a Cooperative Prototyping Approach PhD.Thesis, DAIMI, University of Aarhus

  • Gr¿nb¾k, K., Kyng, M., and Prebensen, M. (1993): CSCW Challenges: Cooperative design in engineeing projects, in Communications of the ACM vol 36 no 6, pp. 67-77

  • Gunnarson, E. and Lodin, E. (1983): The perforator typists' working conditions (Perforatšrernas arbetssituation) Utopia Report no. 7, Swedish Center for Working Life, Stockholm

  • Gustavsen, B. (1986): Sociology as Action: On the Construction of Alternative Realities Unpublished manuscript

  • Gustavsen, B. (1992): Dialogue and Development Arbetslivscentrum & Van Gorcum, Assen/Maastricht

  • Hales, M. and O'Hara, P. (1993): Strengths and Weaknesses of Participation: Learning by Doing in Local Government, in Green et al, (eds): Gendered by Design? Taylor & Francis, London, pp. 153-172

  • Hammer, M. (1990): Reengineering Work: Don't Automate, Obliterate, in Harvard Business Review, July-August 1990, pp. 104-112

  • Hammer, M. and Champy, J. (1993): Reengineering the Corporation Harper Collins Publ., New York

  • Hannemyr, G. (1994): Editor-in-Chief Responsibility of Bulletin Boards (Redakt¿ransvar for BBSer) feature article in the Aftenposten July 12. 1994

  • Hirschheim, R. and Klein, H. (1994): Realizing Emancipatory Principles in Information Systems Development: The Case for ETHICS, MIS Quarterly (March 1994), pp. 83-109

  • Iivari, J. (1991): A paradigmatic analysis of contemporary schools of IS development, European Journal of Information Systems, Vol. 1, No. 4, pp. 249-272

  • Iivari, J. and Hirschheim, R. (1992): Paradigmatic analysis of four emerging IS development approaches, in Proceedings of the 3rd Australian Conference on Information Systems, Wollongong (referred to in Karasti, 94)

  • Kaasb¿ll, J. (1983): The Research Programme SYDPOL: SYstem Development environment and Profession Oriented Languages (in Scandinavian), Nordforsk Publikationnserie 1983:2, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Kaasb¿ll, J. and ¯grim, L. (1994): Super-Users: Hackers, Management Hostages, or Working Class Heroes? A study of user influence on redesign in distributed organizations, FIRE Report no 15, in Kerola, P. et al. (eds): Precedings of the 17th Information systems Research seminar In Scandinavia, University of Oulu, pp. 784-798

  • Karasti, H. (1994): What's different in gender oriented ISD? Identifying gender oriented systems development approach. In Adam and Owen (eds): Breaking Old Boundaries: Building New Forms, Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Women, Work and Computerization, Manchester, July 2-5 1994, pp. 685-698

  • Knudsen, T. (1993): The Scandinavian Approaches: Theories in Use, of Use and Organization of Interdisciplinarity, in Bansler, J. et al (eds): Proceedings of the 16th IRIS, DIKU Report no. 93/16, University of Copenhagen, pp. 29-38

  • Kraft, P. and Bansler, J. (1992): The Collective Resource Approach: The Scandinavian Experience, in MŸller, M., Kuhn, S., and Meskill, J.A. (eds.): PDC'92: Proceedings of the Participatory Design Conference Nov. 6-7. 1992, MIT, Cambridge MA US, pp. 127-135 (also published in slightly modified version in Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems vol 6 no 1, April 1994, pp. 71-84)

  • Kyng, M. (1991): Designing for cooperation, Communications of the ACM vol vol 34 no 12

  • Kyng, M. (1994): Collective Resources Meets Puritanism, Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems vol 6 no 1, April 1994, pp. 85-96

  • Kyng, M. and Mathiassen, L. (1979): A "New Systems Development": Trade Union and Research Activities, in Sandberg (1979), pp. 54-74

  • Leonardsen, A. (1994): Conditions for the collective in computer based networks (Kollektivets kŒr i databaserte nettverk), essay, Department of Informatics, University of Oslo

  • Leveraas, P. (1994): Internet as a pressure group (Nettet som pressgruppe), Computerworld Norway, vol 13 no 2, p. 2

  • Markus, L. (1983): Power, Politics and MIS Implementation, Communications of the ACM vol 26 no 6, pp. 430-444

  • Mogensen, P. (1994): Challenging Practice-an approach to Cooperative Analysis, PhD thesis, DAIMI PB-465, University of Aarhus

  • Mumford, E. (1983): Designing Human Systems Manchester Business School

  • Nygaard, K. (1979): The "Iron and Metal Project": Trade Union Participation, in Sandberg (1979), pp. 94-107

  • Nygaard, K. and Bergo, O.T. (1974): Planning, Control, and Computing. Basic Book for the Trade Unions (Planlegging, Styring og databehandling. Grunnbok for Fagbevegelsen) Tiden Norsk Forlag, Oslo

  • Procter, R.N. and Williams, R.A. (1992): HCI: Whose Problem Is IT Anyway?, in Larson and Unger (eds): Engineering for Human-Computer Interaction North-Holland, Amsterdam, pp. 385-396

  • PŒlshaugen, ¯. (1986): Means of designing a starting conference, AI-dok.28/86, Work Research Institute, Oslo

  • Sandberg, . (1975): Harmony and Conflict Perspectives in System Development Work (Harmoni- och konfliktperspektiv i systemutvecklingsarbetet), in Aarhus (1975), pp. 237-265

  • Sandberg, . (ed.) (1979): Computers dividing man and Work Swedish Center for Working Life, Demos Project Report no 13, Utbildningsproduktion, Malmš

  • Sandberg, . (1984): Between alternative production and industrial R&D (Mellan alternativ produktion och industriell FoU) Utopia Report no 16, Swedish Center for Working Life, Stockholm

  • Schuler, D. and Namioka, A. (eds.) (1993): Participatory Design. Principles and Practices Lawrence Erlbaum Ass., Hillsdale, New Jersey

  • Statistisk Œrbok (1994): Statistical Yearbook for 1994, Statistisk SentralbyrŒ, Oslo

  • S¿rensen, Aa. (1992): Action research about and in working life (Aktionsforskning om og i arbejdslivet), Tidsskrift for samfunnsforskning vol 33, pp. 213-230

  • Thorsrud, E. and Emery, F. (1970): Towards a new Company Organisation (Mot en ny bedriftsorganisasjon), Universitetsforlaget, Oslo

  • Thorsrud, E., Emery, F., and Trist, E. (1964): Industrial Democracy. Representation in the board of directors? (Industrielt demokrati; representasjon pŒ styreplan i bedriften?), Universitetsforlaget, Oslo

  • UTOPIA Project Group (1981): Training, Technology, and Product from the Quality of Work Perspective Utopia Report no 1, Swedish Center for Working Life, Stockholm

  • UTOPIA Project Group (1985): An Alternative in Text and Images Grafitti no 7, Swedish Center for Working Life, Stockholm Recommended Reading



  • Product Development
       Obstacles
       Vendor Adoption
       Product Design

    In the US
       New Context
       Obstacles
       Current Use
       Recommendations

    References
       Bibliography
       Conferences
       Applied PD
       Journals
       Books
       Organizations
       Academia


    Abstract    |    Introduction    |    Contacts