How the Issue Arose
 -Is It a Problem?
 -The Role of Gender Bias
 -The Pipeline Effect

Is There Gender Bias?

Why is the Pipeline Shrinking?
 -Academia vs. Industry
 -Lack of Self-Confidence
 -Parental Support
 -Personal Life, Family and Academia
 -Social Awkwardness
 -Subtle Bias
 -Support Networks

Conclusion &Recommendations

 -Female Faculty
 -Female PhDs
 -Female Masters
 -Females Who Switched Out
 -Male faculty
 -Male PhDs
 -Male Masters
 -Males Who Switched Out



Ricki Blau, Linda Kamas, Caroline Paxson, and Amy Wang, "Ph.D. Student Attrition in the EECS Department at the University of California, Berkeley," http://www-inst.eecs.berkeley.edu/~wicse/.

Strok, Dale. Women in AI. IEEE Expert, 7(4) (August 1992). -- i quoted it in the family section where I said: “Few women who get pregnant in the middle of their studies finish their PhDs, but plenty of men get PhDs while their wives have children.

Female graduate students and research staff in the Laboratory for Computer Science and the Artificial Intelligence Laboratory at M.I.T., "Barriers to Equality in Academia: Women in Computer Science at M.I.T.," February 1983.

Kathy Howell, "The Experience of Women in Undergraduate Computer Science: What Does the Research Say?," SIGCSE Bulletin, Vol 25, No 2, Jun 1993.

Amy Pearl, Marth Pollack, Eve Riskin, Becky Thomas, Elizabeth Wolf, and Alice Wu, "Becoming a Computer Scientist: A Report by the ACM committee on the Status of Women in Computer Science," Commnications of the ACM, Volume 33, Number 11, November 1990.

Eric Roberts, "Encouraging women in computer science," paper prepared for the Jing Lyman lecture, Institute for Research on Women and Gender, Stanford University, February 1995.

Stanford Computer Science Faculty and Students for the interviews.

A.C. Strenta, R. Elliot, R. Adair, M. Matier, J. Scott, "Choosing and leaving science in highly selective institutions," Research in Higher Education, v. 35, no. 5, pp. 513-547, 1994.


Women in Computing. IEEE Computer. Oct 1996.