Sources and Links

Background Information

Sara Baase. A Gift of Fire: Social, Legal, and Ethical Issues in Computing. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 1997.

Andrew Calcutt. White Noise: An A-Z of the Contradictions in Cyberculture. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1999.

Jayne Gackenbach (Editor). Psychology and the Internet: Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, and Transpersonal Implications. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998.

Van Alstyne, Marshall and Erik Brynjolfsson. Electronic Communities: Global Village or Cyberbalkans? MIT research paper.

Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society (SIQSS) Study

Norman H. Nie and Lutz Erbring.  "Internet and Society." 17 February 2000.

Chattanooga Publishing Company. “The Internet: Isolation or Lifeline?” Chattanooga Times Free Press, 18 February 2000.

Fred Langa. “Is the Web Isolating You?” May 18, 2000.

Jakob Nielson. “Does the Internet Make Us Lonely?” Alertbox.

Newsweek. “Will the Web Make Me Lonely?” Newsweek, 135 (9), 28 February 2000, 6.

Carnegie Mellon University HomeNet Study

Robert Kraut, Vicki Lundmark, Michael Patterson, Sara Kiesler, Tridas Mukopadhyay, William Scherlis. “Internet Paradox: A Social Technology That Reduces Social Involvement and Psychological Well-Being?” American Psychologist, 53 (9).

—. “Implications of the Internet Paradox Research” Communications of the ACM, 41(12), December 1998, 21-22.

Pew Internet & The American Life Project Study

The Pew Internet & American Life Project. “Tracking Online Life: How Women Use the Internet to Cultivate Relationships with Family and Friends”

Associated Press.  "Survey disputes notion that Internet encourages isolation", 10 May 2000.

—.  "Survey says: Net reduces isolation" USA Today, 7 June 2000.

UCLA Center for Communications Policy Study

The UCLA Internet Report. Surveying the Digital Future. UCLA Center for Communication Policy.


Times Mirror Study

Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press. “Technology in the American Household” 1995.

Other Studies

Donald Macintyre. “Prisoners of the Internet.” Time International, 156 (23), 11 December 2000, 22.

Christopher E. Sanders, Tiffany M. Field, Miguel Diego, and Michele Kaplan. “The Relationship of Internet Use to Depression and Social Isolation Among Adolescents.” Adolescence, 35 (138), Summer 2000, 237.Scott Sleek. “Isolation increases with Internet use.” APA Monitor, 29 (9), September 1998.

David Whitford. “Prisoner of the Web.” Fortune, 137 (10), 25 May 1998, 140-144. Slightly different version at,3532,ART2652_CNT56_REG54,00.html