The beginnings of the concern over technological progress have their roots in the Industrial Revolution which occurred at the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth centuries. In 1733, John Kay invented the "flying shuttle," a new mechanized approach towards weaving cloth. That invention created a tide of new innovations in the textile industry, such as Richard Arkwright's Cotton Jenny, patented in 1770, allowed for quicker and more efficient spinning of yarn. Rapidly, the English textile industry came to be dominated by efficient centralized machines. The same advancement towards mechanization began to take place in other industries as well. Today, we see the effects of this industrialization.