Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin was born in 1910.  She broke new ground in science by accomplishing a number of achievements that benefited both science and medicine.

Dorothy was born in Cairo and attended Somerville College in Oxford from 1928-1932.  There she studied archaeology and chemistry until her attentions became diverted to x-ray crystallography. 

In 1934, Mrs. Hodgkin photographed single crystals of a protein for the first time at Cambridge University.  Her work from 1941- 1942 led her to be the first scientist to discover the three-dimensional structure of bio-organic molecules.  She determined the structure of penicillin in 1944.  By 1956, Mrs. Hodgkin had determined the structure of vitamin B-12, one of the most complex molecules mapped at that time.  By 1969, she had determined the structure of insulin, a project which began in 1935 that determined the six-part, 777-atom molecule.

Dorothy Hodgkin went on to win the Nobel Prize in 1964 for Chemistry “for her determinations by x-ray techniques of the structures of important biological substances”. She passed on in 1994, but her contributions to science and her memory will last forever.